Many governing documents provide the association with the authority to review and either approve or deny the leases of community members. This authority can be helpful in that the association can ensure the lease document complies with the association’s governing documents, the association can have a record of the new tenant’s name and contact information, and the association can be sure that the number of units or homes leased does not exceed a set percentage if there is such a requirement in the governing documents.
However, with this authority comes great responsibility. Associations must use caution not to violate the Federal Fair Housing Act when reviewing leases. By enacting a reasonable policy for lease reviews and applying it evenhandedly to all leases, the association can avoid the pitfalls of discrimination complaints.
A tenant cannot be rejected on the basis of her race, color, religion, age, sex, ethnicity, national origin, family status, or handicap. If the tenant participates in the Section 8 Voucher Program, denying the lease could be a violation of the Fair Housing Act on the basis of disparate impact. Similarly, conducting criminal background checks for tenants may also be a disparate impact violation under the Fair Housing Act in some circumstances.
The best approach for community associations is to formulate and enact a reasonable leasing policy and stick with it. Making exceptions in some cases and not others can open the door to litigation. Leasing policies should focus on length of the lease and compliance with the governing documents rather than the background and identity of the tenant. However, having the tenant’s contact information and a copy of the lease on file will promote better communication within the community.
This site and any information contained herein is intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Seek a competent attorney for advice on any legal matter.