Restrictive Covenant Prohibiting Rentals to College Students Upheld

The SPUR at Williams Brice Owners Association, Inc. v. Lalla, No. 2013-001479.

In this recent Court of Appeals ruling, the Court affirmed the lower court’s holding that a restrictive covenant prohibiting the lease of condominium units to students unrelated to the unit owners was valid.

The Association filed the original action as a covenant enforcement suit and declaratory judgment action seeking determination from the court whether the covenant was enforceable and whether the Lallas were in violation. The covenant at issue provided as follows:

The rental of any unit to any student currently enrolled in a two (2) or four (4) year college, institute, or university is strictly prohibited. Additionally, any tenant of any unit shall be prohibited from having any roommate that is enrolled in a two (2) year or four (4) year college, institute or university. Any tenant in violation of this Restriction shall have their lease automatically terminated and shall have thirty (30) days to vacate the Unit.

The Master Deed goes on to create an exception for the children or grandchildren of unit owners who are students and authorizes them to reside with one other student roommate.

The Lallas argued that the covenant should be overturned based on the following grounds: (1) it is unreasonable and unenforceable; (2) it violates the Equal Protection clauses of the South Carolina and United States Constitutions; (3) it violates the Federal Fair Housing Act and South Carolina Fair Housing Laws; (4) it should be nullified on the basis of changed economic conditions; and (5) the Association waived the right to enforce the covenant.

The Court of Appeals agreed with the trial court that the covenant should be upheld as enforceable as it is binding on the unit at issue and the Lallas failed to demonstrate the covenant discriminates against a protected or inherently suspect class. Neither the Federal Fair Housing Act nor the South Carolina Fair Housing Laws recognize students as a protected class. Both laws protect against discrimination on the basis of familial status, which means a person under 18 being domiciled with a parent or someone with legal custody or the designee of such parent or person having legal custody. The court held that this classification was “wholly unrelated” to the rental restriction at issue.

The court succinctly stated its holding as follows:

[W]e find no error in the circuit court’s ruling that when the [Lallas] became owners of a unit in [The SPUR], they voluntarily and intentionally bound themselves by the restrictive covenants barring the rental of any unit to college students who are unrelated to the unit’s owner. Accordingly, we affirm the circuit court’s ruling that the rental ban provision of the restrictive covenant is binding upon the Lallas.

Emphasis added.

This site and any information contained herein should not be construed as legal advice. Seek a competent attorney for advice on any legal matter.

Liability for Wild Animals: Alligator Update

The Georgia Supreme Court overruled the court of appeals decision holding a homeowners’ association liable for an alligator attack on a guest. Last November, I wrote an article explaining how this case may have come out in South Carolina.

The Georgia Supreme Court used a similar analysis in determining that the association should not bear any liability. Specifically, the court addressed the fact that Ms. Williams knew of the potential for alligators in the pond because she had previously seen gators there. Since the danger was open and obvious to her, the association did not have a duty to warn. 

The court was split 4-3 on this decision. The dissenting opinion by Justice Benham argues that there was no “competent” evidence that Ms. Williams was aware that alligators over seven feet could be found in the area. The association has a policy of removing gators that exceed seven feet or are particularly aggressive. The animal that fatally attacked Ms. Williams was eight feet in length.

This site and any information contained herein is intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice. Seek a competent attorney for advice on any legal matter.

ADA Pool Regulations and Community Associations

In 2010, the Department of Justice (DOJ) issued revised requirements for the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) regarding accessible swimming pools.  In light of these new regulations, many community associations have approached me with questions regarding their association’s compliance.  This article seeks to address those concerns and provide a brief summary of the scope of the 2010 Standards for Accessible Design.

The ADA strives to provide equal opportunity to people with disabilities.  Title II of the ADA applies to state and local government services and Title III applies to public accommodations and commercial facilities.  The updated swimming pool accessibility provisions are intended to affect all newly constructed, altered and existing swimming pools with very limited exceptions.  However, privately owned community associations are generally not encompassed under the ADA. 


Title III defines a public accommodation as a facility owned by a private entity whose operations affect commerce. In order to fall under the purview of the ADA, a community association must be engaged in commerce.  This would include, by way of example, selling memberships to the general public, providing a place of lodging to the public (e.g. hotels, “condotels,” and resorts), offering swimming lessons to the general public, or hosting swim meets or events where the public is invited to access the pool.

           
If the community association is a public accommodation, there must be an accessible means of entry and exit on all newly constructed and altered swimming pools, wading pools and spas on or after March 15, 2012.  Existing pools must be brought into compliance to the extent that it is readily achievable on or after March 15, 2012.  This readily achievable standard takes into consideration financial constraints and overall feasibility.

                       
Larger pools, those with more than 300 linear feet of pool wall, are required to have two accessible means of entry, one of which must be a sloped entry.  Smaller pools are only required to have one accessible means of entry, which can be either a lift or a sloped entry.  Public accommodations also must consider maintenance and staff training as it relates to the accessible features.  Tax credits and deductions are available through the IRS for small businesses making these accessible means of entry.

This site and any information contained herein is intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice.  Seek a competent attorney for advice on any legal matter.

Risk Management Assessment for Condos and HOAs

Here is a link with tips on how to be sure you are covered by your association’s Directors and Officers (D&O) insurance.

This site and any information contained herein is intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice.  Seek a competent attorney for advice on any legal matter.

Proposed Gun Range in Posh Condo Penthouse

Here’s an article from the Balitmore Sun about a penthouse unit owner in the Baltimore Ritz-Carlton Residences seeking to obtain a permit to build a gun range inside the unit.  Condo association rules, state laws and local ordinances may prove to be a difficult burden to overcome in getting the firing range approved. 

This site and any information contained herein is intended for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal advice.  Seek a competent attorney for advice on any legal matter.